Joseph Shapiro http://kasu.org en National Data Confirm Cases Of Restraint And Seclusion In Public Schools http://kasu.org/post/national-data-confirms-cases-restraint-and-seclusion-public-schools The practice of secluding or restraining children when they get agitated has long been a controversial practice in public schools. Now, new data show that it's more common than previously understood, happening at least 267,000 times in a recent school year.<p>NPR worked with reporters from the investigative journalism group ProPublica, who compiled data from the U.S. Wed, 18 Jun 2014 21:59:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 45811 at http://kasu.org National Data Confirm Cases Of Restraint And Seclusion In Public Schools Michigan's High Court Limits The Fees Billed To Defendants http://kasu.org/post/michigans-high-court-limits-fees-billed-defendants Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>And I'm Melissa Block. Michigan's top court, today, moved to put limits on what local governments can charge defendants who go through the court system. The court ruled in a case we told you about last month of a man who got billed more than a thousand dollars for his court costs. Wed, 18 Jun 2014 21:32:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 45806 at http://kasu.org Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons http://kasu.org/post/supreme-court-ruling-not-enough-prevent-debtors-prisons Debtors prisons were outlawed in the United States nearly 200 years ago. And more than 30 years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court made it clear: Judges cannot send people to jail just because they are too poor to pay their court fines.<p>That decision came in a 1983 case called <em>Bearden v. Georgia</em>, which held that a judge must first consider whether the defendant has the ability to pay but "willfully" refuses.<p>However, the Supreme Court didn't tell courts how to determine what it means to "willfully" not pay. Wed, 21 May 2014 09:08:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 44504 at http://kasu.org Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons Big Fees For The Big Easy's Poorest Defendants http://kasu.org/post/big-fees-big-easys-poorest-defendents In the next installment of an <a href="http://www.npr.org/series/313986316/guilty-and-charged">NPR investigation</a>, Joseph Shapiro goes to New Orleans to look at the ways poor people are charged for their public defender in court. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=Big+Fees+For+The+Big+Easy%27s+Poorest+Defendants&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDAyOTk4OTc0MDEyNzcxNDIzMTZjM2E3Zg004)"/></div><p>Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. Tue, 20 May 2014 20:37:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 44478 at http://kasu.org Unpaid Court Fees Land The Poor In 21st Century Debtors' Prisons http://kasu.org/post/unpaid-court-fees-land-poor-21st-century-debtors-prisons Debtors' prisons were outlawed in the United States back before the Civil War. But an NPR <a href="http://www.npr.org/2014/05/19/312455680/state-by-state-court-fees">state-by-state survey</a> found that people still get sent to jail for unpaid court fines and fees. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Tue, 20 May 2014 10:12:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 44445 at http://kasu.org Campus Rape Reports Are Up, And Assaults Aren't The Only Reason http://kasu.org/post/campus-rape-reports-are-and-assaults-arent-only-reason The number of "forcible rapes" that get reported at four-year colleges increased 49 percent between 2008 and 2012. That's the finding of an analysis by NPR's Investigative Unit of data from the Department of Education.<p>That increase shows that sexual assault is a persistent and ugly problem on college campuses. Wed, 30 Apr 2014 21:57:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 43628 at http://kasu.org Campus Rape Reports Are Up, And Assaults Aren't The Only Reason Shooting Unfairly Links Violence With Mental Illness — Again http://kasu.org/post/shooting-unfairly-links-violence-mental-illness-again With the Army's disclosure that Army Spc. Ivan Lopez was being evaluated for post-traumatic stress disorder before he went on a shooting rampage Wednesday, there were once again questions about whether the Army could have prevented the violence at Fort Hood.<p>Experts in mental health say (even as <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/04/03/298708884/what-do-we-know-about-the-fort-hood-gunman">more facts</a> about Lopez emerge) that it's highly unlikely the violence could have been predicted. Thu, 03 Apr 2014 23:14:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 42443 at http://kasu.org Shooting Unfairly Links Violence With Mental Illness — Again Mastermind Of 'Body Stealing' Scheme Dies http://kasu.org/post/mastermind-body-stealing-scheme-dies Dr. Michael Mastromarino died Sunday after battling liver and bone cancer. He was 49.<p>Mastromarino pleaded guilty to "body stealing." In 2008, he was sentenced to up to 58 years in prison.<p>But he continued to insist that he'd been misunderstood. He spoke to NPR, working with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, last year from a prison near Buffalo, N.Y.<p>As soon as we'd clipped on his microphone and before we could even test the recording level, the tall, bald man in a green prison jumpsuit was defending himself. Wed, 10 Jul 2013 19:15:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 31162 at http://kasu.org Mastermind Of 'Body Stealing' Scheme Dies Turning Up The Heat On Civil Rights-Era Cold Cases http://kasu.org/post/turning-heat-civil-rights-era-cold-cases Six years ago, the FBI took on a challenge: To review what it called cold-case killings from the civil rights era. The investigation into 112 cases from the 1950s and 1960s is winding down, and civil rights activists are weighing the FBI's efforts.<p>The review comes with word this week of the death of a man who'd been named, <a href="http://www.concordiasentinel.com/news.php?id=5893">by a newspaper investigation</a>, as a possible suspect in one notorious case.<p><strong>The Case</strong><p>The investigation was of the death of Frank Morris, in Ferriday, La., in 1964. Sat, 18 May 2013 09:17:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 28616 at http://kasu.org Justice In The Segregated South: A New Look At An Old Killing http://kasu.org/post/justice-segregated-south-new-look-old-killing <em>This story contains language that some may find offensive.</em><p>In the segregated South in 1965, John Queen was about as insignificant as a man could be. He was black, elderly and paralyzed. His legs had been crushed when as a boy he fell off a roof. For the rest of his life, he pulled himself around with his hands.<p>In Fayette, Miss., he would shine shoes on Main Street for a few coins. People called him "Crippled Johnny" or "Shoe-Shine Johnny."<p>"He didn't have legs, so he walked like a rabbit," says Lillie Lee Henderson, Queen's great-niece. Fri, 03 May 2013 20:49:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 27913 at http://kasu.org Justice In The Segregated South: A New Look At An Old Killing Law Targets Sexual Violence On College Campuses http://kasu.org/post/law-targets-sexual-violence-college-campuses When President Obama signs an updated version of the <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/02/28/173161650/change-in-law-may-spur-campus-action-on-sexual-assaults">Violence Against Women Act</a> on Thursday afternoon, the law will include new requirements for how colleges and universities handle allegations of sexual assault.<p>Laura Dunn, who's been invited by the White House to attend, plans to be there.<p>In 2010, Dunn <a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=124001493">told her story</a> on <em>Morning Edition</em>: She believed her Wisconsin school failed to p Thu, 07 Mar 2013 00:38:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 25335 at http://kasu.org Koop Turned Surgeon General's Office Into Mighty Education Platform http://kasu.org/post/koop-turned-surgeon-generals-office-mighty-education-platform Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>C. Everett Koop was the most outspoken and some would argue the most influential of all U.S. surgeon generals. [POST-BROADCAST CORRECTION: The correct plural form of the word is surgeons general.] He wore the uniform throughout most of the 1980s, and he turned an office with little power into a mighty platform - to educate Americans about AIDS prevention and the dangers of smoking.<p>C. Everett Koop died today at his home in Hanover, New Hampshire. He was 96. NPR's Joseph Shapiro looks back on his career.<p>JOSEPH SHAPIRO, BYLINE: When C. Mon, 25 Feb 2013 22:53:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 24887 at http://kasu.org Why A Young Man Died In A Nursing Home, A State Away From His Mom http://kasu.org/post/why-young-man-died-nursing-home-state-away-his-mom Zach Sayne was 25 when he died earlier this month at the place that had been his home for 15 years — a children's nursing home in Alabama.<p>But that was too far away, 200 miles too far, for his mother in Georgia. Nola Sayne was trying to bring him back, closer to her home. Wed, 16 Jan 2013 18:35:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 23153 at http://kasu.org Why A Young Man Died In A Nursing Home, A State Away From His Mom Dismissed Case Raises Questions On Shaken Baby Diagnosis http://kasu.org/post/dismissed-case-raises-questions-shaken-baby-diagnosis When San Francisco prosecutors dismissed charges against Kristian Aspelin in early December, it became just the latest case to raise questions about how shaken baby syndrome is diagnosed. Aspelin, who was accused of causing the death of his infant son, had one thing in his favor: He had enough money to pay for medical experts who cast doubt on the prosecution's theory.<br /> Fri, 21 Dec 2012 20:16:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 22199 at http://kasu.org Dismissed Case Raises Questions On Shaken Baby Diagnosis Spinal Surgery Company To Give Tissue Proceeds To Charity http://kasu.org/post/spinal-surgery-company-give-tissue-proceeds-charity When a California company developed a product to be used in spinal fusion surgeries, the firm's president said he knew it faced a new "ethical dilemma," even noting a recent <a href="http://www.npr.org/series/156935894/human-tissue-donation">NPR news investigation</a> questioning the high profits some firms were making from donated human tissue.<p>Spinal Elements, a small and growing company, had long made plates, screws and other technology used in spinal surgeries. Sun, 07 Oct 2012 15:22:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 18959 at http://kasu.org Spinal Surgery Company To Give Tissue Proceeds To Charity Brain-Damaged Man Wins New Trial In Two-Decades-Old Killing http://kasu.org/post/brain-damaged-man-wins-new-trial-two-decades-old-killing Richard Lapointe confessed in 1989 that he stabbed, raped and killed his wife's 88-year-old grandmother two years earlier. But in the 23 years since, experts in criminal justice have come to better understand how sometimes people make false confessions — especially someone with brain damage, like Lapointe. Tue, 02 Oct 2012 07:36:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 18713 at http://kasu.org Pistorius Falls To Britain's Peacock In 100 Meters; American Browne Is Second http://kasu.org/post/pistorius-falls-britains-peacock-200-meters-american-browne-second In one of the most closely watched events at the London Paralympics, South African Oscar Pistorius failed in his attempt to win the 100-meter sprint and regain his title as the world's fastest amputee today.<p>Great Britain's Jonnie Peacock took the lead early and kept it, winning in 10.90 seconds, a Paralympic record. American Richard Browne, 21, of Jackson, Miss., won the silver medal.<p>Pistorius, the double amputee who ran in the Olympics this year, came in fourth. He finished in 11.17 seconds.<p>Peacock, a single amputee, is just 19; he calls Pistorius his hero. Thu, 06 Sep 2012 23:07:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 17535 at http://kasu.org Pistorius Falls To Britain's Peacock In 100 Meters; American Browne Is Second Oscar Pistorius Seeks Redemption In Race To Be The World's Fastest Amputee http://kasu.org/post/oscar-pistorius-seeks-redemption-race-be-worlds-fastest-amputee <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A9Wlp1sTnoY</p> Wed, 05 Sep 2012 20:52:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 17466 at http://kasu.org Oscar Pistorius Seeks Redemption In Race To Be The World's Fastest Amputee Paralympian's Pursuit Enables Aspiring Athletes http://kasu.org/post/paralympians-pursuit-enables-aspiring-athletes <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lo8n5jifeVQ</p> Sun, 02 Sep 2012 10:24:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 17315 at http://kasu.org Paralympian's Pursuit Enables Aspiring Athletes Debate Pits Strasburg's Health Against Wins http://kasu.org/post/debate-pits-strasburgs-health-against-wins One of the biggest debates in Washington, D.C., these days has nothing to do with taxes, health care or the economy. It's about baseball and whether the Washington Nationals should end the season of their young pitching star, Stephen Strasburg, just as the team may be headed for the playoffs.<p>Two years ago, Strasburg's promising career was threatened when he tore a ligament in his pitching arm. Tue, 28 Aug 2012 21:12:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 17075 at http://kasu.org Debate Pits Strasburg's Health Against Wins The Seamy Side Of The Human Tissue Business http://kasu.org/post/seamy-side-human-tissue-business <em>Part 4 in a four-part series</em><p><em>The human tissue industry has created medical advances for millions of Americans. Tissue taken from cadavers is turned into medical products for the living. A tendon can be used to repair a torn ACL. Veins are used in heart bypass operations. Bone can be turned into plates and screws. They look like something you'd find in a hardware store, but these get used to mend a broken leg. It's a $1 billion-a-year industry that attracts the altruistic, but sometimes the greedy. Thu, 19 Jul 2012 07:33:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 14971 at http://kasu.org The Seamy Side Of The Human Tissue Business Am I A Tissue Donor, Too? http://kasu.org/post/am-i-tissue-donor-too <em>Part 3 in a four-part series</em><p>Maybe you've agreed to be an organ donor. There might be something on your driver's license — a red heart, a pink dot or the word "Donor" — to show it. That also means you've very likely agreed — even if you don't realize it — to donate more than just your organs.<p>I know that I'm an organ donor. I signed up years ago, when I renewed my driver's license. But I had no idea that I'd also signed up to donate my tissue. Wed, 18 Jul 2012 18:43:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 14945 at http://kasu.org Am I A Tissue Donor, Too? Little Regulation Poses Problems Tracking Tissue http://kasu.org/post/little-regulation-poses-problems-tracking-tissue <em>Part 2 of a four-part series</em><p>Two winters ago, Lynnette Bellin tore her knee while skiing with her 5-year-old daughter.<p>"I felt the trademark pop ... and instantly knew I had injured my knee," she says.<p>But within a year, she was back to her athletic life.<p>"Recently in one week, I skied, ran, kayaked, standup paddle-boarded, swam and hiked. Wed, 18 Jul 2012 08:03:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 14918 at http://kasu.org Little Regulation Poses Problems Tracking Tissue Calculating The Value Of Human Tissue Donation http://kasu.org/post/calculating-value-human-tissue-donation <em>Part 1 of a four-part series</em><p>The story of how Chris Truitt went from being a tissue industry insider to an industry skeptic starts with a family tragedy.<p>In 1999, his 2-year-old daughter, Alyssa, died of a sudden health complication. Truitt and his wife, Holly, donated their daughter's organs and tissue, which saved the life of another young girl, Kaylin Arrowood.<p>The Truitts became close friends with Kaylin's family and then advocates together, telling others to donate. Tue, 17 Jul 2012 16:48:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 14885 at http://kasu.org Calculating The Value Of Human Tissue Donation Baseball's Teen Phenom Steals Home, And Hearts http://kasu.org/post/baseballs-teen-phenom-steals-home-and-hearts Bryce Harper was 16 when he appeared on the <a href="http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/cover/featured/11258/index.htm" target="_blank">cover of Sports Illustrated</a>, pictured swinging a bat in the desert and declared "<a href="http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1156215/index.htm" target="_blank">Baseball's Chosen One</a>."<p>He was 17 when he was chosen as the top pick in the amateur draft. Wed, 04 Jul 2012 19:01:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 14309 at http://kasu.org Baseball's Teen Phenom Steals Home, And Hearts